Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (born November 17, 1942), commonly known with the name Martin Scorsese is a director, film producer, screenwriter and actress of American cinema. As an American Italian , Martin Scorsese is best-known role as a director of films Criminal - crimes Taxi Driver (1976), Goodfellas (1990) or Mission Boston (The Departed, 2006 ), in which the film was finally brought back to the Martin Scorsese Oscar for directing best first five times nominated. Starring the most successful collaboration with Scorsese, Robert De Niro have to mention, 3 Martin Scorsese film that starred Robert De Niro has made the list of 100 best movies of the American Film Institute.
Martin Scorsese was born in 1942 in New York City in a family of Italian origin. The father of Martin as he Luciano Charles Scorsese (1913-1993) while her mother, Catherine Scorsese (1912-1997), both working in the area garment (Garment District) of New York City . Even from a young Martin has revealed belief favorite movies, especially with the works of new Italian realism as bicycle thief (di Ladri biciclette) . Because of her love is Scorsese has studied at the School of Cinema of New York University (NYU film school), where he earned bachelor's and master's art (Master of Fine Arts) professional director in 1966 . During school Martin has made some short films as What's a Nice Girl Like You Doing in a Place Like This? (1963), It's Not Just You, Murray! (1964) and The Big Shave (1967).
1967 Martin Scorsese made the film length debut, a work of black and white, entitled Who's That Knocking at My Door. Actor and scriptwriter of the film are his classmates at NYU Film School, Harvey Keitel and Thelma Schoonmaker, both of the latter are continuing to work with Martin in many other films.
Entering the 1970s, Martin Scorsese became friends and associates of a group of young filmmakers of Hollywood's promising but they include Francis Ford Coppola, Brian De Palma, George Lucas and Steven Spielberg, all later directors have become pillars of excellence and American cinema. In 1973 he made the film Mean Streets, a line of criminal work - the evil crime according Scorsese style. After the debut film has been appreciated  and a launch pad for the career of Martin and two actors in the film, Robert De Niro and Harvey Keitel.
Mean Street Three years later, Scorsese asked De Niro second to star in his new film, Taxi Driver, the film is rated on the type of genre classics of crime, and show more creativity Scorsese in directing, editing and image processing . Taxi Driver won the Palme d'Or at Cannes in 1976  and there are four Oscar nominations including that for male lead for De Niro and The female side for her 14-year-old Jodie Foster.
The success of Taxi Driver Martin Scorsese has made encouraging big-budget work first musical New York, New York. But not as expected of Martin, New York, New York failed both revenue and the arts, it has led him into a state of depression and addiction.
In 1980, health and career of Martin Scorsese is back thanks to the success of Raging Bull. Again Martin Robert De Niro was offered the role of the film, famous boxers boxing Jake La Motta. The film is considered one of cinema's best-1980s   and give Robert De Niro Oscar male lead first, himself Martin also nominated for Oscar for best director, but the first winner in this category is Robert Redford (with Ordinary People).
Immediately after Raging Bull, Scorsese and De Niro continued cooperation 5th in The King of Comedy (1983). Not rated when released and also failed in terms of sales, but The King of Comedy was later reviewed as cinema's outstanding schools of expression .
1987 Martin made The Color of Money, the first film he is entertaining and highly commercial. The work has brought to Paul Newman Oscar and the male lead financial institutions to create the project Scorsese had long cherished, The Last Temptation of Christ (1988). Based on the controversial book by Nikos Kazantzakis, the film describes the life of Jesus with true color of a person. The contents of the most controversial film, while making many Catholic countries when conducting demonstrations movie premiere, which is building the Martin Jesus (Willem Dafoe played by) marriage and family building Mary Magdalene (Barbara Hershey plays) and the illusion of Jesus on the cross. It met much opposition, but The Last Temptation of Christ has been appreciated for the artistic, Martin also has Oscar nominations Monday, this time he lost to Barry Levinson (Rain Man director).
1990 Martin Scorsese crime drama back evil theme familiar with Goodfellas. The film, starring Robert De Niro and Joe Pesci, is considered one of the best works of Scorsese    and brought him Oscar nominations 3.
After Goodfellas, Scorsese made Cape Fear (1991), the film received reviews ranging from critics but is the work of the most successful in terms of trade of Martin after two decades as director. In the 1990s Martin also made some other films also appreciated as The Age of Innocence (1993), Casino (1995), Kundun (1997), but no work is really great buzz or bring the award for Scorsese, nominated at the Academy Awards or the festival.
Just as two decades ago, the first film of the 2000s to put Scorsese back to top positions in Hollywood, it's gang in New York (Gangs of New York, 2002). This is also the largest investment in the career of Martin to reconstruct the face of the crimes of the original gang Ireland on the ground mid-19th century New York. Shoulders of the film was delivered to Daniel Day-Lewis and Leonardo DiCaprio, actor follow De Niro become familiar faces in the film's later Scorsese. Gangs of New York has brought to Scorsese, the capital with the ungainly film awards, the first Golden Globe in the category Best Director - Movies. He was also Oscar nominated director best, nominated 4, but again Martin failed, this time before Roman Polanski (director Pianist).
2004 Scorsese to continue to invite Di Caprio starring role in The Aviator, a film about the life of billionaire - Howard Hughes pilots. The film does not belong to this kind of crime can be appreciated   and commercial success both in terms of awards, this is more work was nominated for an Oscar in the 77th awards ceremony in including a nomination for Martin. And at this time, Scorsese could not take the gold when to slip solution on hand Clint Eastwood (who directed Million Dollar Baby). Scorsese has stood at the same row as Robert Altman, Alfred Hitchcock and King Vidor, the director holds the record for number of nominations that are not winners in the category director Oscar.
Two years after The Aviator, Scorsese for the third consecutive selection for Di Caprio's new film starring Mission Boston (The Departed), files created from the film was appreciated by the Hong Kong film Infernal Affairs. In the movie Di Caprio plays a police officer disguised criminals (played by Tony Leung starred in the original) to confront a criminal in the guise of police (played by Matt Damon, who starred in the original film is Andy Lau). But criticism is not to follow the prototype Infernal Affairs, Boston Mission is to be evaluated according to quality work and is Scorsese's best film since Goodfellas he  . Boston agents are the other films in the career of Martin with the turnover of USD 129 million and giving his Oscar-nominated director category 6th. Finally, during this nomination, Martin won the award that some newspapers also known joke that award "contribution Lifetime" for Scorsese . During the ceremony, who was chosen to give the Oscar to Martin as Steven Spielberg, Francis Ford Coppola and George Lucas, all three are contemporaneous with the director and Scorsese were among the pillars of American cinema village.
Martin Scorsese is up to five wives, Laraine Brennan (married 1965), Julia Cameron (married 1975), Isabella Rossellini (1979-1983), Barbara De Fina (1985-1991) and Helen Morris (1999 - present). Daughter of Martin with wife No. 5 is Francesca has appeared in The Aviator and Mission Boston.
January 5, 2005 Martin Scorsese was the French government awarded the Legion of Honour medal for his contribution to cinema.