John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), commonly known under the name Jack Nicholson, is a famous actor of American cinema, he is regarded as one of the best actors in history Hollywood history and known for playing characters with mental or psychological problems.
Nicholson has been nominated for an Oscar Best actor and best supporting actor best 12 times and won three times. He and Walter Brennan as the two actors most Oscar-winning, two just behind the famous actress Katharine Hepburn on the total number of Oscar winners for acting (Hepburn had 4 awards). Jack Nicholson is one of only two actors (the other is Michael Caine) is nominated for acting Oscars in every decade since the 1960s. He also had to 7 Golden Globes. Nicholson, best known for his role in the movie Chinatown, Bay on the cuckoo, The Shining, As Good as It Gets and most recently her role in The Departed (Boston Mission) by Martin Scorsese.
Nicholson was born April 22, 1937 at Jersey Shore Medical Center Hospital in Neptune City, New Jersey, his mother, June Frances Nicholson, and professional dance (Showgirl) with the stage name June Nilson . Six months earlier, she had married a June boss Donald Furcillo original Italian name (stage name Donald Rose) in Elkton, Maryland . However Furcillo a married person, and although he still offered to feed Jack, her mother Ethel June she decided to nurture her June can continue working. In fact, although Donald Furcillo claim to be announced by Nicholson, but according to biographer Patrick McGilligan, who wrote Jack's Life (The Life of Jack), the most likely father of Nicholson is Eddie King, manager of his mother, further, she may be the June  was not sure about who is the father of her son. Nicholson refused DNA testing to determine this issue.
Nicholson grew up to believe that his grandparents John J. Nicholson and Ethel May Rhoads is her parents and she is my sister June. Until 1974, a TIME magazine journalist while writing about the new Jack Nicholson revealed the truth about his parents (actually his grandparents) and sister (actually the mother tongue) of Jack [ 4]. Meanwhile, both his mother and grandmother both died, Nicholson, previously did not know who his father is, saying "Only Ethel and June knew that person and they did not tell anyone" [5 ].
He is often called a friend named Jack Nicholson when he studied at the school level III Manasquan High School, where in 1954 he was elected class is "class clown" (literally: the class clown). Later, a theater and a drama award at the school was named after him . In 2004, Jack's classmates were surprised and excited when Nicholson returned to attend 50th anniversary celebrations of his graduate courses.
When new to Hollywood, Jack Nicholson worked for animation studios famous Hanna-Barbera. Realizing that he is gifted artists, the company has offered vocational training Nicholson animation artists here, but Jack refused to reason that he wanted to become an actress .
Nicholson began his career as a film actor, screenwriter and producer for Roger Corman. His first role was in The Cry Baby Killer (1958), which plays a minor child panicked after shooting two other children. But then, so difficult to find role, Nicholson co-wrote the script more. Among these are the movies like Thunder Island (1963), Flight to Fury (1964) or in the Whirlwind Ride (1965). He also participated in two episodes of the television series The Andy Griffith Show in 1966 to 1967.
After beginning his acting career went nowhere, Nicholson seemed to abandon it and completely switch to the screenwriter or director behind the camera. First success as a writer when he was a scene in the film The Trip (1967), this film with the participation of Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper. However, in the next film of these two actors, Jack Nicholson has been the role of his first major, as the role of alcohol abuse lawyer George Hanson, a role that earned him nominations Oscar first.
An Oscar nominated actor best to him the following year for his role took shape later style of Nicholson, a role in Five Easy Pieces (1970). Then Jack continued success in the movie The Last Detail (1973) and the classic film director Roman Polanski's Chinatown (1974) (Jack was nominated for outstanding actor for his role in the two films).
Memorable scene of Nicholson in The Shining.
Nicholson won the first Oscar for her role as Randle P. McMurphy in the movie directed by Milos Forman, Bay over the cuckoo (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest) (1975). This is one of only three films won all the most important five Oscars (best picture, best director, actors and actresses of the best and the best scenario). Nicholson was asked to play Michael Corleone in The Godfather, but he refused.
Then, Nicholson began to receive more unusual roles. He only played a small role in The Last Tycoon, to confront the character played by Robert De Niro. He also played a role in the movie The Missouri Breaks West primarily to work with Marlon Brando. Following this film, Jack Nicholson first film directed by him, Goin 'South.
The next role of Jack Nicholson in The Shining (1980) directed by the famous Stanley Kubrick, based on the novel by Stephen King is not an Oscar nomination, this role is still considered one of the considerable role Nicholson's attention. By 1983, he won the second Oscar, Supporting Actor award for outstanding play Garrett Breedlove, an astronaut cosmic retired in the drama Terms of Endearment.
In the 1980s, Nicholson continued starring in several films, including The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981), Reds (1981), Prizzi's Honor (1985), The Witches of Eastwick (1987) and Ironweed (1987). Roles in Reds, Prizzi's Honor, and Ironweed has earned him three Oscar nominations next.
1989 Batman film (Batman), in which Nicholson plays the villain The Joker, has reached a very high turnover, particularly after Jack Nicholson film has grossed $ 60 million.
Jack Nicholson received an Oscar nomination for her role as Colonel Nathan R. tempered Jessep in A Few Good Men movie (Only a few good ones) (1992). In this work, the dialogue Nicholson "You can not handle the truth!" (Can not control the truth!) Have become very popular and has been imitated in other films.
Not all of Nicholson's character are appreciated. He was even nominated for Razzies for worst actor for his role in the film Man Trouble (1992) and Hoffa (1992). But the paradox is also played by Nicholson in Hoffa was nominated for a Golden Globe.
Actor Oscar Best Monday to his role as Melvin Udall Nicholson, a writer with the disorder, obsessive-compulsive in the romance As Good as It Gets (1997).
In recent years
In the movie About Schmidt (2002), Nicholson plays an actuary retired questioning my life and the death of his wife shortly thereafter. Acting quietly suppressed and in this film his sharp contrast with many previous roles, and received a Oscar nomination.
In 2006, Nicholson marked the return to a role of "evil", Frank Costello, a gang leader in Boston brutal Ireland original film's Oscar-winning director Martin Scorsese Mission Boston (The Departed).
November 2006, Nicholson began filming his next movie, The Bucket List, he had shaved his head to play with actor Morgan Freeman, the film will be in theaters in late 2007.